The focus of this activity to challenge students to unpack a rule and see if it is being used correctly. Often students will just learn a rule and blindly use it. This task gets students to stop and think and then make corrections to ensure the rule works in all cases (generalise).

##### Purpose
• Find a fraction of a quantity
• Use fractions to represent information
• Represent and recognise equivalent fractions
• Use knowledge of fractions to find a total
• Identify, continue and create simple number patterns involving fractions
• Solve word problems that involve fractions
• Show the strategy used to solve the problem
• Explain the strategy used to find a possible solution
• Check the solution to a problem using a model, visual method or calculations

##### At the end of this lesson students should be able to answer the following questions
• How can we represent this problem?
• How do we find a fraction of a collection?
• What is a good strategy when you enter the room?
• Is it always better to go the table with the least amount of people?
• Do you notice any patterns?
• What do we know about the monkey problem?
• What do we need to find out?
• How can we begin to find a possible solution?
• What would help us find a solution?
• How can you check that your solution is correct?