In Addition and Subtraction, Number and Algebra, Student/Parent Resources, Year 3, Year 4, Year 5

Level: Year 3 – Year 5


Many children find subtraction to be challenging. Sometimes this is because they have trouble with common terms, such as less than or difference. Other times it is related  to difficulty with counting backwards. To further support children it is important to practice subtraction skills by playing simple games and activities and also learning more about strategies, including the jump strategy, the split (or partition) strategy, compensation and the count-up to strategy (sometimes called the Shopkeeper’s method).

List of Resources:

This activity covers the following Australian Curriculum – Mathematics Content:

  • Recognise and explain the connection between addition and subtraction (ACMNA054)
  • Recall addition facts for single-digit numbers and related subtraction facts to develop increasingly efficient mental strategies for computation (ACMNA055)
  • Apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least tens of thousands to assist calculations and solve problems (ACMNA073)


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